Hanawon, the government-run institution that trains and helps defectors settle in South Korea, celebrated its 10th anniversary this year. Up until 1998, a year before Hanawon opened, a grand total of 947 North Koreans had arrived to South Korea.
This year alone, more than 3,000 North Koreans are expected to arrive. By next year there will be 20,000 former North Korean refugees living in South Korea.
But 58.4 percent of defectors who have settled in the South still consider themselves North Koreans. Only 6.3 percent think of themselves as South Koreans. This is according to a recent survey of North Korean defectors completed by the Organization for One Korea.